Friday, May 19, 2017

2017 NASA Student Launch



Student Rockets Blast Off During Annual 2017 #StudentLaunch Challenge

Fifty middle and high school, college and university teams from 23 states launched their student-built rockets at Bragg Farms in Toney, Alabama, near NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center.

Credit: NASA/MSFC
Image Date: April 8, 2017


#NASA #Science #Space #Technology #Engineering #Rockets #Students #Teachers #STEM #Education #StudentLaunch #Challenge #MSFC #Marshall #Toney #Alabama #UnitedStates #Photography

Uintah Basin, USA | Earth from Space | European Space Agency


May 12, 2017: In this 229th edition of "Earth from Space", Sentinel-2 takes us over the border of the U.S. states Utah and Colorado—presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web-TV virtual studios.

Credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Duration: 2 minutes, 31 seconds
Release Date: May 12, 2017


#ESA #Earth #Science #Space #Satellite #UintahBasin #Dinosaur #NationalMonument #Utah #Colorado #Landscape #UnitedStates #Copernicus #Sentinel2 #EarthObservation #RemoteSensing #STEM #Education #HD #Video

Thursday, May 18, 2017

NASA Celebrates Mars New Year in Mars, Pennsylvania


May 10, 2017: NASA helped the town of Mars, Pennsylvania ring in the Martian New Year, May 5-6. Citizens of the town, just north of Pittsburgh, invited the agency to help celebrate Mars New Year, which happens about every two Earth years. Activities included two days of science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics or (STEAM) activities, to encourage young people to pursue careers in these fields of study, which are critical to NASA's journey to Mars.
Website: www.MarsNewYear.com

Credit: NASA
Duration: 2 minutes
Release Date: May 10, 2017


#NASA #Astronomy #Science #Space #HappyNewYear #Mars #JourneyToMars #Orion #Spacecraft #SLS #Rocket #SolarSystem #Exploration #Robotics #Opportunity #Curiosity #MRO #Maven #Human #Spaceflight #RedPlanet #Earth #Pennsylvania #UnitedStates #STEM #STEAM #Education #HD #Video

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Mars: NASA Opportunity Rover Panorama | May 10, 2017



"Color mosaic of pancam images acquired by NASA's Opportunity rover on May 10, 2017 (mission sol 4726). Opportunity is at the head of 'Perseverance Valley,' located on the rim of Endeavour Crater. This view is made from raw uncalibrated images and has been color-adjusted to approximately the type of color you'd see on Mars. Note: The right side of the image was a bit overexposed in the raw images so that is why it seems a bit lighter there."

For more information about Opportunity, visit:
www.nasa.gov/rovers
http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech//Jason Major
Image Date: May 10, 2017
Release Date: May 11, 2017


#NASA #Mars #Astronomy #Science #Space #Geology #Geoscience #PerseveranceValley #Endeavour #Crater #Panorama #Landscape #Terrain #Sol4726 #Opportunity #Rover #Robotics #JPL #Pasadena #California #UnitedStates #Exploration #SolarSystem #STEM #Education

Sardinia & Corsica | International Space Station


ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "Sardinia and its little sister Corsica"

"La Sardaigne et la Corse - une photo dont je suis plutôt fier"

Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus) and an autonomous region of Italy. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, just south of the French island of Corsica. (Source: Wikipedia)

Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 13 regions of France. It is located west of the Italian Peninsula, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. A single chain of mountains make up two-thirds of the island. (Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: ESA/NASA
Image Date: April 21, 2017

#NASA #ESA #ISS #Earth #Science #Sardinia #Italy #Italia #Corsica #Corse #Island #Mediterranean #Sea #Astronaut #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #Expedition51 #Technology #Photography #JSC #UnitedStates #CNES #France #Europe #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education

James Webb Space Telescope Arrives in Houston | NASA


In this photo, the James Webb Space Telescope has just arrived at Ellington Field, in Houston, Texas from Joint Base Andrews in Maryland. The telescope was safely ensconced in a special transporter case (called the Space Telescope Transporter for Air, Road, and Sea, or STTARS) which attaches to a truck. Webb telescope was first driven from NASA Goddard to Andrews, and then put in a C-5 cargo plane. The plane flew to Ellington, and then the telescope was transported by truck to NASA's Johnson Space Center for an end-to-end cryogenic test. Webb will undergo 100 days in a freezer (the huge test Chamber A), which mimics the extremely cold temperature at which the telescope will operate in space. Light will be passed through the telescope to ensure its optics are correctly aligned.

For further information about the James Webb Space Telescope, visit: jwst.nasa.gov or www.nasa.gov/webb

Credit: NASA/Chris Gunn
Image Date: May 7, 2017


#NASA #Astronomy #Science #Space #Telescope #JWST #JamesWebb #Exoplanets #Planets #Astrophysics #Cosmos #Universe #ESA #CSA #Goddard #GSFC #Aircraft #VacuumChamber #Cryogenic #Testing #JSC #Johnson #Houston #Texas #UnitedStates #STScI #STEM #Education

Celebrating 200 Spacewalks! | International Space Station


Friday, May 12th, 2017 marks the 200th spacewalk at the station for assembly and maintenance. To celebrate, here is a look back at a view taken during Extravehicular Activity (EVA) 1 on December 8, 1998. Astronauts James H. Newman (left) and Jerry L. Ross work between Zarya and Unity (foreground) during the first of three scheduled spacewalks on the STS-88 mission. Newman is tethered to the module, while Ross is anchored at the feet to a mobile foot restraint mounted on the end of the remote manipulator system (RMS) arm.

Zarya (FGB) provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the International Space Station (ISS) during the initial stage of assembly. With the launch and assembly in orbit of other modules with more specialized functionality, Zarya is now primarily used for storage, both inside the pressurized section and in the externally mounted fuel tanks. The Zarya is a descendant of the TKS spacecraft designed for the Russian Salyut program. The name Zarya, which means sunrise, was given to the FGB because it signified the dawn of a new era of international cooperation in space. Although it was built by a Russian company, it is owned by the United States. (Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: NASA's Johnson Space Center
Image Date: December 8, 1998


#NASA #Space #ISS #Spacewalk #EVA #Astronauts #JamesNewman #JerryRoss #EVA1 #SpaceShuttle #Endeavour #STS88 #History #Human #Spaceflight #UnitedStates #Russia #Россия #Roscosmos #Роскосмос #Cosmonauts #Zarya #Заря́ #Unity #Photography #STEM #Education

Celebrating 200 Spacewalks! | International Space Station


Friday, May 12th, 2017 marks the 200th spacewalk at the station for assembly and maintenance. To celebrate, here is a look back at a view taken during Extravehicular Activity (EVA) 1 on December 8, 1998. NASA Astronaut Jerry L. Ross takes a picture during a 7-hour, 21 minute spacewalk. Astronauts Ross and James H. Newman went on to mate 40 cables and connectors running 76 feet from the Zarya control module to Unity, with the 35-ton complex towering over Endeavour's cargo bay. The photo was taken with an electronic still camera (ESC) at 00:35:05 GMT, Dec. 8.

Zarya (FGB) provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the International Space Station (ISS) during the initial stage of assembly. With the launch and assembly in orbit of other modules with more specialized functionality, Zarya is now primarily used for storage, both inside the pressurized section and in the externally mounted fuel tanks. The Zarya is a descendant of the TKS spacecraft designed for the Russian Salyut program. The name Zarya, which means sunrise, was given to the FGB because it signified the dawn of a new era of international cooperation in space. Although it was built by a Russian company, it is owned by the United States. (Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: NASA's Johnson Space Center
Image Date: December 8, 1998


#NASA #Space #ISS #Spacewalk #EVA #Astronauts #JamesNewman #JerryRoss #EVA1 #SpaceShuttle #Endeavour #STS88 #History #Human #Spaceflight #UnitedStates #Russia #Россия #Roscosmos #Роскосмос #Cosmonauts #Zarya #Заря́ #Unity #Photography #STEM #Education

Celebrating 200 Spacewalks! | International Space Station


Friday, May 12th, 2017 marks the 200th spacewalk at the station for assembly and maintenance. To celebrate, here is a look back at a view taken during Extravehicular Activity (EVA) 1 on December 7, 1998. Astronaut James H. Newman, waves at camera as he holds onto one of the hand rails on the Unity connecting module during the early stages of a 7-hour, 21-minute spacewalk. Astronauts Newman and Jerry L. Ross, both mission specialists, went on to mate 40 cables and connectors running 76 feet from the Zarya control module to Unity, with the 35-ton complex towering over Endeavour's cargo bay. This photo was taken with an electronic still camera (ESC) at 23:37:40 GMT, Dec. 7.

Zarya (FGB) provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the International Space Station (ISS) during the initial stage of assembly. With the launch and assembly in orbit of other modules with more specialized functionality, Zarya is now primarily used for storage, both inside the pressurized section and in the externally mounted fuel tanks. The Zarya is a descendant of the TKS spacecraft designed for the Russian Salyut program. The name Zarya, which means sunrise, was given to the FGB because it signified the dawn of a new era of international cooperation in space. Although it was built by a Russian company, it is owned by the United States. (Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: NASA's Johnson Space Center
Image Date: December 7, 1998

#NASA #Space #ISS #Spacewalk #EVA #Astronauts #JamesNewman #JerryRoss #EVA1 #SpaceShuttle #Endeavour #STS88 #History #Human #Spaceflight #UnitedStates #Russia #Россия #Roscosmos #Роскосмос #Cosmonauts #Zarya #Заря́ #Unity #Photography #STEM #Education

Monday, May 15, 2017

"Goodnight Moon!" | International Space Station


U.S. Astronaut Jack Fischer: "My 1st real Moon pic—Lady Luna sure is pretty from up here, but she’s difficult to take a picture of...I’ll keep trying."

Astronaut Jack Fischer's Official NASA Biography
www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/fischer-jack.pdf

Credit: NASA/JSC
Release Date: May 11, 2017

#NASA #ISS #Earth #Science #Moon #Lunar #Astronaut #JackFischer #Expedition51 #Human #Spaceflight #Technology #Photography #JSC #UnitedStates #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education

Astronomers Pursue Renegade Supermassive Black Hole | NASA


Image: Supermassive black holes are generally stationary objects, sitting at the centers of most galaxies. However, using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes, astronomers recently hunted down what could be a supermassive black hole that may be on the move. | May 11, 2017: This possible renegade black hole, which contains about 160 million times the mass of our Sun, is located in an elliptical galaxy about 3.9 billion light years from Earth. Astronomers are interested in these moving supermassive black holes because they may reveal more about the properties of these enigmatic objects.

This black hole may have “recoiled,” in the terminology used by scientists, when two smaller supermassive black holes collided and merged to form an even larger one. At the same time, this collision would have generated gravitational waves that emitted more strongly in one direction than others. This newly formed black hole could have received a kick in the opposite direction of those stronger gravitational waves. This kick would have pushed the black hole out of the galaxy’s center, as depicted in the artist’s illustration.

The strength of the kick depends on the rate and direction of spin of the two smaller black holes before they merge. Therefore, information about these important but elusive properties can be obtained by studying the speed of recoiling black holes.

Astronomers found this recoiling black hole candidate by sifting through X-ray and optical data for thousands of galaxies. First, they used Chandra observations to select galaxies that contain a bright X-ray source and were observed as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Bright X-ray emission is a common feature of supermassive black holes that are rapidly growing.

Next, the researchers looked to see if Hubble Space Telescope observations of these X-ray bright galaxies revealed two peaks near their center in the optical image. These two peaks might show that a pair of supermassive black holes is present or that a recoiling black hole has moved away from the cluster of stars in the center of the galaxy.

If those criteria were met, then the astronomers examined the SDSS spectra, which show how the amount of optical light varies with wavelength. If the researchers found telltale signatures in the spectra indicative of the presence of a supermassive black hole, they followed up with an even closer examination of those galaxies.

After all of this searching, a good candidate for a recoiling black hole was discovered. The left image in the inset is from the Hubble data, which shows two bright points near the middle of the galaxy. One of them is located at the center of the galaxy and the other is located about 3,000 light years away from the center. The latter source shows the properties of a growing supermassive black hole and its position matches that of a bright X-ray source detected with Chandra (right image in inset). Using data from the SDSS and the Keck telescope in Hawaii, the team determined that the growing black hole located near, but visibly offset from, the center of the galaxy has a velocity that is different from the galaxy. These properties suggest that this source may be a recoiling supermassive black hole.

The host galaxy of the possible recoiling black hole also shows some evidence of disturbance in its outer regions, which is an indication that a merger between two galaxies occurred in the relatively recent past. Since supermassive black hole mergers are thought to occur when their host galaxies merge, this information supports the idea of a recoiling black hole in the system.

Moreover, stars are forming at a high rate in the galaxy, at several hundred times the mass of the Sun per year. This agrees with computer simulations, which predict that star formation rates may be enhanced for merging galaxies particularly those containing recoiling black holes.

Another possible explanation for the data is that two supermassive black holes are located in the center of the galaxy but one of them is not producing detectable radiation because it is growing too slowly. The researchers favor the recoiling black hole explanation, but more data are needed to strengthen their case.

A paper describing these results was recently accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal and is available online. The first author is Dongchan Kim from the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Charlottesville, Virginia. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Chandra program for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, controls Chandra's science and flight operations.

Image Credit: Illustration: CXC/M. Weiss
X-ray: NASA/CXC/NRAO/D.-C. Kim; Optical: NASA/STScI
Release Date: May 11, 2017

#NASA #Astronomy #Science #BlackHoles #Galaxies #Astrophysics #Physics #Cosmos #Universe #Chandra #Xray #Observatory #MSFC #Marshall #Huntsville #Alabama #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #Illustration #Artist #Infographic

NASA Study Finds Unexpectedly Primitive Atmosphere Around ‘Warm Neptune’


Image: The atmosphere of the distant “warm Neptune” HAT-P-26b, illustrated here, is unexpectedly primitive, composed primarily of hydrogen and helium. By combining observations from NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes, researchers determined that, unlike Neptune and Uranus, the exoplanet has relatively low metallicity, an indication of the how rich the planet is in all elements heavier than hydrogen and helium.

May 11, 2017: A study combining observations from NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes reveals that the distant planet HAT-P-26b has a primitive atmosphere composed almost entirely of hydrogen and helium. Located about 437 light years away, HAT-P-26b orbits a star roughly twice as old as the sun.

The analysis is one of the most detailed studies to date of a “warm Neptune,” or a planet that is Neptune-sized and close to its star. The researchers determined that HAT-P-26b’s atmosphere is relatively clear of clouds and has a strong water signature, although the planet is not a water world. This is the best measurement of water to date on an exoplanet of this size.

The discovery of an atmosphere with this composition on this exoplanet has implications for how scientists think about the birth and development of planetary systems. Compared to Neptune and Uranus, the planets in our solar system with about the same mass, HAT-P-26b likely formed either closer to its host star or later in the development of its planetary system, or both.

“Astronomers have just begun to investigate the atmospheres of these distant Neptune-mass planets, and almost right away, we found an example that goes against the trend in our solar system,” said Hannah Wakeford, a postdoctoral researcher at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and lead author of the study published in the May 12, 2017, issue of Science. “This kind of unexpected result is why I really love exploring the atmospheres of alien planets.”

To study HAT-P-26b’s atmosphere, the researchers used data from transits— occasions when the planet passed in front of its host star. During a transit, a fraction of the starlight gets filtered through the planet’s atmosphere, which absorbs some wavelengths of light but not others. By looking at how the signatures of the starlight change as a result of this filtering, researchers can work backward to figure out the chemical composition of the atmosphere.

In this case, the team pooled data from four transits measured by Hubble and two seen by Spitzer. Together, those observations covered a wide range of wavelengths from yellow light through the near-infrared region.

“To have so much information about a warm Neptune is still rare, so analyzing these data sets simultaneously is an achievement in and of itself,” said co-author Tiffany Kataria of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Because the study provided a precise measurement of water, the researchers were able to use the water signature to estimate HAT-P-26b’s metallicity. Astronomers calculate the metallicity, an indication of how rich the planet is in all elements heavier than hydrogen and helium, because it gives them clues about how a planet formed.

To compare planets by their metallicities, scientists use the sun as a point of reference, almost like describing how much caffeine beverages have by comparing them to a cup of coffee. Jupiter has a metallicity about 2 to 5 times that of the sun. For Saturn, it’s about 10 times as much as the sun. These relatively low values mean that the two gas giants are made almost entirely of hydrogen and helium.

The ice giants Neptune and Uranus are smaller than the gas giants but richer in the heavier elements, with metallicities of about 100 times that of the sun. So, for the four outer planets in our solar system, the trend is that the metallicities are lower for the bigger planets.

Scientists think this happened because, as the solar system was taking shape, Neptune and Uranus formed in a region toward the outskirts of the enormous disk of dust, gas and debris that swirled around the immature sun. Summing up the complicated process of planetary formation in a nutshell: Neptune and Uranus would have been bombarded with a lot of icy debris that was rich in heavier elements. Jupiter and Saturn, which formed in a warmer part of the disk, would have encountered less of the icy debris.

Two planets beyond our solar system also fit this trend. One is the Neptune-mass planet HAT-P-11b. The other is WASP-43b, a gas giant twice as massive as Jupiter.

But Wakeford and her colleagues found that HAT-P-26b bucks the trend. They determined its metallicity is only about 4.8 times that of the sun, much closer to the value for Jupiter than for Neptune.

“This analysis shows that there is a lot more diversity in the atmospheres of these exoplanets than we were expecting, which is providing insight into how planets can form and evolve differently than in our solar system,” said David K. Sing of the University of Exeter and the second author of the paper. “I would say that has been a theme in the studies of exoplanets: Researchers keep finding surprising diversity.”

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and ESA (European Space Agency). NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, manages the telescope. The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore conducts Hubble science operations. STScI is operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., in Washington.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the Spitzer Space Telescope for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at Caltech in Pasadena. Spacecraft operations are based at Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company, Littleton, Colorado. Data are archived at the Infrared Science Archive housed at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center at Caltech. Caltech manages JPL for NASA.

For more information about Spitzer, visit:
www.nasa.gov/spitzer

For images and more information about Hubble, visit:
www.nasa.gov/hubble

Credit: NASA/GSFC
Release Date: May 11, 2017


#NASA #Hubble #Astronomy #Science #Space #Exoplanet #HATP26b #Atmosphere #Hydrogen #Helium #Water #Metallicity #Planet #Neptune #SolarSystem #Cosmos #Universe #Spitzer #JPL #Goddard #GSFC #UnitedStates

Crescent Earth | NASA Apollo 15 Mission


NASA Apollo 15 Command Module Pilot Al Worden took this photo of a Crescent Earth rising beyond the Moon's barren horizon on August 4th, 1971. Composite of two images: AS15-97-13266 and AS15-97-13272

U.S. Astronaut Al Worden's Official NASA Biography
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/worden-am.html

Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the United States' Apollo program, the fourth to land on the Moon, and the eighth successful manned mission. It was the first of what were termed "J missions", long stays on the Moon, with a greater focus on science than had been possible on previous missions. It was also the first mission on which the Lunar Roving Vehicle was used. (Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: NASA's Johnson Space Center
Image Date: August 4, 1971


#NASA #Science #Space #Earth #Crescent #Moon #Apollo #Apollo15 #Astronaut #AlWorden #CommandModule #Pilot #Engineering #Technology #Lunar #Exploration #Human #Spaceflight #Aerospace #JSC #UnitedStates #History #Photography #Humanity #Perspective #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education

Find Out Why We’re Blasting this Rocket with Wind | NASA


The world’s most powerful rocket—our Space Launch System (SLS)—may experience ground wind gusts of up to 70 mph as it sits on the launch pad before and during lift off for future missions. Understanding how environmental factors affect the rocket will help us maintain a safe and reliable distance away from the launch tower during launch.

How do we even test this? Great question! Our Langley Research Center’s 14x22-Foot Subsonic Wind Tunnel in Hampton, Virginia, is designed to simulate wind conditions. Rather than having to test a full scale rocket, we’re able to use a smaller, to-scale model of the spacecraft.

Wind tunnel tests are a cost effective and efficient way to simulate situations where cross winds and ground winds affect different parts of the rocket. The guidance, navigation, and control team uses the test data as part of their simulations to identify the safety distance between the rocket and the launch tower.

SLS is designed to evolve as we move crew and cargo farther into the solar system than we have ever been before. The Langley team tested the second more powerful version of the SLS rocket, known as the Block 1B, in both the crew and cargo configuration.

Engineers simulate ground winds on the rocket during liftoff by using what’s called smoke flow visualization. This technique allows engineers to see how the wind flow behaves as it hits the surface of the launch tower model.

The 6-foot model of the SLS rocket undergoes 140 mph wind speeds in Langley’s 14x22-Foot Subsonic Wind Tunnel. Engineers are simulating ground winds impacting the rocket as it leaves the launch pad.

The cargo version of the rocket is positioned at a 0-degree angle to simulate the transition from liftoff to ascent as the rocket begins accelerating through the atmosphere.

Here, engineers create a scenario where the rocket has lifted off 100 feet in the air past the top of the launch tower. At this point in the mission, SLS is moving at speeds of about 100 mph!

Engineers at Langley collect data throughout the test which is used by the rocket developers at our Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, to analyze and incorporate into the rocket’s design.

Learn more about the Space Launch System rocket: http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/sls/rocket.html

Credit: NASA/Langley Research Center
Release Date: May 11, 2017

#NASA #Space #SLS #SpaceLaunchSystem #Rocket #Orion #Spacecraft #Technology #Engineering #WindTunnel #Subsonic #Testing #Model #Block1B #SmokeFlow #Visualization #Research #Mars #JourneyToMars #Moon #Europa #SolarSystem #Exploration #Langley #LaRC #Hampton #Virginia #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #Animation #GIF

NASA Astronaut Discusses Life in Space with his Alma Mater


May 10, 2017: Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 51 Flight Engineer Jack Fischer of NASA discussed his research and other work on the orbital laboratory during an in-flight educational event May 10 with students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Fischer, who is in the first month of a four-and-a-half month mission on the complex, graduated from MIT in 1998 with a Master of Science degree in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering.

Astronaut Jack Fischer's Official NASA Biography
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/fischer-jack.pdf

Credit: NASA/JSC
Duration: 22 minutes
Release Date: May 10, 2017


#NASA #ISS #Earth #Science #MIT #University #Cambridge #Massachusetts #Students #Astronaut #JackFischer #AlmaMater #AirForce #Expedition51 #Human #Spaceflight #Research #Laboratory #Microgravity #Technology #Engineering #Aeronautical #Astronautical #JSC #Houston #UnitedStates #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education #HD #Video

Wind Tunnel Testing Underway for Next, More Powerful Version of NASA SLS Rocket | NASA Marshall



Engineers at NASA's Langley Research Center and Ames Research Center are running tests in supersonic wind tunnels to develop the next, more powerful version of the world's most advanced launch vehicle, the Space Launch System—capable of carrying humans to deep space destinations. The new wind tunnel tests are for the second generation of SLS. It will deliver a 105-metric-ton (115-ton) lift capacity and will be 364 feet tall in the crew configuration—taller than the Saturn V that launched astronauts on missions to the moon. The rocket's core stage will be the same, but the newer rocket will feature a powerful exploration upper stage. On SLS’s second flight with Orion, the rocket will carry up to four astronauts on a mission around the moon, in the deep-space proving ground for the technologies and capabilities needed on NASA’s Journey to Mars.

Credit: NASA's Langley Research Center/Ames Research Center
Duration: 54 seconds
Release Date: January 24, 2017


#NASA #Space #SLS #SpaceLaunchSystem #Rocket #Orion #Spacecraft #Technology #Engineering #WindTunnel #Subsonic #Testing #Model #Research #Mars #JourneyToMars #Moon #Europa #SolarSystem #Exploration #Langley #LaRC #Hampton #Virginia #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #HD #Video

Apollo 15's Al Worden and Mission Planner Farouk El Baz visit MIT AeroAstro


Apollo 15 command module pilot Al Worden and Egyptian-American space scientist Farouk El Baz, who helped NASA plan Apollo's Moon exploration, share stories of their 1971 adventure with the MIT Aeronautics and Astronautics Department.

U.S. Astronaut Al Worden's Official NASA Biography
www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/worden-am.html

Dr. Farouk El-Baz Biographies:
www.bu.edu/remotesensing/faculty/el-baz/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farouk_El-Baz

Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the United States' Apollo program, the fourth to land on the Moon, and the eighth successful manned mission. It was the first of what were termed "J missions", long stays on the Moon, with a greater focus on science than had been possible on previous missions. It was also the first mission on which the Lunar Roving Vehicle was used.
(Source: Wikipedia)

Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics (MIT AeroAstro)
MIT AeroAstro Website: http://aeroastro.mit.edu/
Duration: 2 hours
Record Date: April 27, 2017
Release Date: May 5, 2017


#NASA #Science #Space #Moon #Apollo #Apollo15 #Astronaut #AlWorden #CommandModule #Pilot #Astronautical #Engineering #FaroukElBaz #Scientist #Geology #Egypt #EgyptianAmerican #مِصر #Technology #History #مَصر‎‎ #Lunar #Exploration #Human #Spaceflight #MIT #MITAeroAstro #Aerospace #University #Interviews #STEM #Education #HD #Video #فاروق الباز#

European Astronauts Checkout NASA's Orion Spacecraft



European Space Agency (ESA) Astronaut Tim Peake: "Checking out the Orion spacecraft with fellow ESA astronauts Matthias Maurer and Luca Parmitano at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, 25 April 2017"

Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
Location: NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, United States
Image Date: April 25, 2017


#NASA #ESA #Space #Orion #Spacecraft #Science #Astronauts #TimPeake #LucaParmitano #MatthiasMaurer #UK #UnitedKingdom #Britain #Italy #Italia #ASI #Germany #Deutschland #DLR #Europe #SLS #Rocket #SolarSystem #DeepSpace #Exploration #Mars #JourneyToMars #Moon #Human #Spaceflight #JSC #Houston #Texas #UnitedStates #Cooperation #International #STEM #Education

European Astronauts Checkout NASA's Orion Spacecraft



European Space Agency (ESA) Astronaut Tim Peake: "Checking out the Orion spacecraft with fellow ESA astronauts Matthias Maurer and Luca Parmitano at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, 25 April 2017"

Credit: ESA - S. Corvaja
Location: NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, United States
Image Date: April 25, 2017


#NASA #ESA #Space #Orion #Spacecraft #Science #Astronauts #TimPeake #LucaParmitano #MatthiasMaurer #UK #UnitedKingdom #Britain #Italy #Italia #ASI #Germany #Deutschland #DLR #Europe #SLS #Rocket #SolarSystem #DeepSpace #Exploration #Mars #JourneyToMars #Moon #Human #Spaceflight #JSC #Houston #Texas #UnitedStates #Cooperation #International #STEM #Education

Greens! | International Space Station


ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "Eat your greens kids! Fresh vegetables are rare on the International Space Station and when we get to harvest a crop of lettuce from our disco greenhouse it is a good day for us. The greenhouse is in our ESA Columbus laboratory and glows pink because researchers found out reddish light is most important for plants to grow. Growing plants in space is not easy but all the research and technology we are using is directly applicable on Earth as the goal is to grow vegetables with as little energy and resources as possible."

"Les légumes frais se font rares sur la Station, alors quand on réussit à faire pousser une laitue dans notre serre, on se prépare à un festin ! La serre en question est située dans le laboratoire de l’ESA Colombus ; la lueur rose a été choisie après que des chercheurs ont découvert que les lumières de la gamme des rouges aident la pousse des plantes. Le but est d’arriver à faire pousser des légumes en ayant recours au moins de ressources et d’énergie possibles, dans l’espace…comme sur Terre."

Credit: ESA/NASA
Image Date: April 25, 2017


#NASA #ESA #ISS #Veggies #Plants #Columbus #Laboratory #Astronauts #PeggyWhitson #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #Expedition51 #Technology #Photography #JSC #UnitedStates #CNES #France #Europe #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Tropical Cyclone Donna | NASA Aqua Satellite



In early May 2017, Tropical Cyclone Donna spun southeastward across the South Pacific, threading the islands of New Caledonia and Vanuatu. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this natural-color image of Donna at 1:50 p.m. local time (02:50 Universal Time) on May 8, 2017. Measurements made around this time showed maximum sustained winds of 115 knots (215 kilometers or 130 miles per hour)—a category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson wind scale. About nine hours later, the storm had weakened to a category 3 storm. Forecasters expected that cooler ocean surface temperatures and the influence of land would cause the storm to weaken as it moved east of New Caledonia.

Credit: NASA image by Jeff Schmaltz, LANCE/EOSDIS Rapid Response
Caption Credit: Kathryn Hansen
Instrument(s): Aqua - MODIS


#NASA #Earth #Science #Space #Satellite #Cyclone #Tropical #Donna #PacificOcean #NewCaledonia #Vanuatu #Aqua #MODIS #EarthObservation #RemoteSensing #EarthRightNow #Goddard #GSFC #UnitedStates #STEM #Education #Infographic

Peggy with veggies | International Space Statio


ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "Eat your greens kids! Fresh vegetables are rare on the International Space Station and when we get to harvest a crop of lettuce from our disco greenhouse it is a good day for us. The greenhouse is in our ESA Columbus laboratory and glows pink because researchers found out reddish light is most important for plants to grow. Growing plants in space is not easy but all the research and technology we are using is directly applicable on Earth as the goal is to grow vegetables with as little energy and resources as possible."

"Les légumes frais se font rares sur la Station, alors quand on réussit à faire pousser une laitue dans notre serre, on se prépare à un festin ! La serre en question est située dans le laboratoire de l’ESA Colombus ; la lueur rose a été choisie après que des chercheurs ont découvert que les lumières de la gamme des rouges aident la pousse des plantes. Le but est d’arriver à faire pousser des légumes en ayant recours au moins de ressources et d’énergie possibles, dans l’espace… comme sur Terre."

Credit: ESA/NASA
Image Date: April 25, 2017


#NASA #ESA #ISS #Veggies #Plants #Astronauts #PeggyWhitson #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #Expedition51 #Technology #Photography #JSC #UnitedStates #CNES #France #Europe #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education

Earth Desert Art | International Space Station



ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet of France: "Unbelievable desert art. As often in Africa, the landscapes are so huge and diverse I’m not quite sure what I’m looking at when I take a picture."

"Coup de griffe artistique dans le désert, vers le Tchad . L’Afrique foisonne de paysages divers et imposants"

Credit: ESA/NASA
Image Date: April 29, 2017


#NASA #ESA #ISS #Earth #Africa #Desert #EarthArt #Landscape #Astronaut #ThomasPesquet #Proxima #Expedition51 #Technology #Photography #JSC #UnitedStates #CNES #France #Europe #OverviewEffect #OrbitalPerspective #STEM #Education