Tuesday, November 07, 2023

Pan & Zoom: The Perseus Cluster of Galaxies | ESA Euclid Space Telescope

Pan & Zoom: The Perseus Cluster of Galaxies | ESA Euclid Space Telescope

The European Space Agency's new Euclid space telescope captured this incredible snapshot—a revolution for astronomy. This image shows ~1,000+ galaxies belonging to the Perseus Cluster, and more than 100,000 additional galaxies further away in the background, each containing up to hundreds of billions of stars. 

Many of these faint galaxies were previously unseen. Several of them are so distant that their light has taken 10 billion years to reach us. By mapping the distribution and shapes of these galaxies, cosmologists will be able to find out more about how dark matter shaped the Universe that we see today.

This is the first time that such a large image has allowed us to capture so many Perseus galaxies in such a high level of detail. Perseus is one of the most massive structures known in the Universe, located ‘just’ 240 million light-years away from Earth, containing thousands of galaxies, immersed in a vast cloud of hot gas. Astronomers demonstrated that galaxy clusters like Perseus can only have formed if dark matter is present in the Universe.

Video Credit: ESA/Euclid/Euclid Consortium/NASA 

Image Processing: J.-C. Cuillandre (CEA Paris-Saclay), G. Anselmi, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Duration: 49 seconds

Release Date: Nov. 7, 2023

#NASA #ESA #ESAEuclid #Astronomy #Space #Science #Galaxies #GalaxyCluster #PerseusGalaxyCluster #Perseus #Constellation #Cosmos #Universe #ESAEuclid #EuclidSpaceTelescope #Europe #STEM #Education #HD #Video

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