Friday, August 05, 2022

Crab Nebula: Multiwavelength Structure of a Pulsar Wind Nebula | Hubble & More

Crab Nebula: Multiwavelength Structure of a Pulsar Wind Nebula | Hubble & More

This visualization features a three-dimensional multiwavelength representation of the Crab Nebula, a pulsar wind nebula that is the remains of an exploded star. This video is based on images from NASA’s three Great Observatories: the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes.

The video begins by showing the Crab Nebula in context, pinpointing the location of the observed supernova in the constellation Taurus. This view zooms in to present the Hubble, Spitzer, and Chandra images of the Crab Nebula, each highlighting one of the nested structures in the system.

The video then begins a slow buildup of the three-dimensional X-ray structure, showing the pulsar and disk of energized material, and adding jets of particles firing off from opposite sides of the energetic dynamo.

Appearing next is a rotating infrared view of a glowing cloud of emission, called synchrotron radiation, enveloping the pulsar system. This distinctive form of radiation occurs when streams of charged particles spiral around the pulsar’s magnetic field lines.

The visible-light outer shell of the Crab Nebula appears next. Looking like a cage around the entire system, this shell of glowing gas consists of tentacle-shaped filaments of ionized oxygen. The tsunami of particles unleashed by the pulsar is pushing on this expanding debris cloud like an animal rattling its cage.

The X-ray, infrared, and visible-light models are combined at the end of the video to reveal both a rotating three-dimensional multiwavelength view and the corresponding two-dimensional multiwavelength image of the Crab Nebula.

Credit: NASA, ESA, F. Summers, J. Olmsted, L. Hustak, J. DePasquale, G. Bacon (STScI), N. Wolk (CfA|H&S/CXC), R. Hurt (Caltech/IPAC)

Duration: 3 minutes, 43 seconds

Release Date: January 5, 2020

#NASA #ESA #Astronomy #Space #Hubble #Star #NeutronStar #Nebula #SupernovaRemnant #CrabNebula #NGC1952 #Taurus #Constellation #Cosmos #Universe #SpaceTelescope #Chandra #Spitzer #SpaceTelescope #GSFC #STScI #UnitedStates #Europe #STEM #Education #Visualization #HD #Video

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