Thursday, June 13, 2024

Spiral Galaxy NGC 5775: A Galactic Fountain of Youth in Virgo | Hubble

Spiral Galaxy NGC 5775: A Galactic Fountain of Youth in Virgo | Hubble

This NASA/European Space Agency Hubble Space Telescope image shows the edge-on profile of the slender spiral galaxy NGC 5775. Although the spiral is tilted away from us, with only a thin slither on view, such a perspective can be advantageous for astronomers because the regions above and below the galaxy’s disc can be seen much more clearly.

Distance: 85 million light years

For instance, astronomers have previously used the high inclination of this spiral to study the properties of the halo of hot gas that is visible when the galaxy is observed at X-ray wavelengths. The mechanism behind such haloes is unclear, but they are found around spirals that have a high star formation rate, like NGC 5775. A number of astronomers think that hot gas from the disc is driven into the halo by supernova explosions. This  is then returned to the disc as it cools—like a massive galactic fountain.

Meanwhile, there is further disruption taking place in the disc of NGC 5775, as it is in the early stages of a galactic merger. Astronomers have observed bridges of hydrogen gas connecting this edge-on galaxy with a neighboring face-on spiral (NGC 5774). However, neither galaxy yet features a tidal tail—a disrupted stream of gas and stars that extends into space. These are commonplace in strongly interacting pairs, such as the Antennae Galaxies.

NGC 5775 and 5774 are members of the Virgo Cluster and lie at a distance of about 85 million light-years. This color picture was created from images taken using the Wide Field Channel of Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys. Images through a red filter (F625W) were colored blue and images through a filter that isolates the glow from hydrogen gas (F658N) have been colored red. The exposure times were 2292 s and 6848 s, respectively, and the field of view is 3.2 arcminutes across.

Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA

Release Date: May 9, 2011

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