Monday, June 03, 2024

Young Star 177-341 W in Orion Nebula | European Southern Observatory

Young Star 177-341 W in Orion Nebula | European Southern Observatory

Young stars are surrounded by a disc of gas and dustthe building materials for planets. When other very bright and massive stars are present nearby, their light heats the young star’s disc, stripping away part of its material. The teardrop-shaped object in this image, 177-341 W, is in the Orion Nebula. The stars eroding away the disc of 177-341 W are out of the frame past the upper-right corner; when their radiation clashes with the material around the young star, it creates the bright, bow-like structure seen here in yellow. The tail extending from the star towards the lower-left corner is material being dragged away from 177-341 W by the stars out of the field of view. This type of objects—ionized protoplanetary discs—are known as “proplyds”.

This observation is presented in a new paper led by Mari-Liis Aru (ESO) and taken with the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument on the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. The colors shown in this image map different elements like hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. However, this is just a small fraction of all the data gathered by MUSE. It actually takes thousands of images at different colors or wavelengths simultaneously. This allows astronomers to study the physical properties of protoplanetary discs in great detail, including the amount of mass that they lose. This new paper presents MUSE observations of many other proplyds in Orion, part of a project led by Carlo F. Manara (ESO). It will help astronomers understand how stars and planetary systems form in these stellar nurseries.

Credit: European Southern Observatory (ESO)/M. L. Aru et al.

Release Date: June 3, 2024

#NASA #ESO #Astronomy #Space #Science #Stars #StellarObject #177341W #Proplyds #Nebulae #OrionNebula #Orion #Constellation #Cosmos #Universe #Astrophysics #VLT #Chile #Europe #STEM #Education

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