Sunday, October 16, 2022

The Icy Blue Wings of Planetary Nebula Hen 2-437 | Hubble

The Icy Blue Wings of Planetary Nebula Hen 2-437 | Hubble

In this cosmic snapshot, the spectacularly symmetrical wings of Hen 2-437 show up in a magnificent icy blue hue. Hen 2-437 is a planetary nebula, one of around 3,000 such objects known to reside within the Milky Way.

Located within the faint northern constellation of Vulpecula (The Fox), Hen 2-437 was first identified in 1946 by Rudolph Minkowski, who later also discovered the famous and equally beautiful M2-9 (otherwise known as the Twin Jet Nebula). Hen 2-437 was added to a catalogue of planetary nebula over two decades later by astronomer and NASA astronaut Karl Gordon Henize.

Planetary nebulae, such as Hen 2-437, form when an aging low-mass star—such as the Sun—reaches the final stages of life. The star swells to become a red giant, before casting off its gaseous outer layers into space. The star itself then slowly shrinks to form a white dwarf, while the expelled gas is slowly compressed and pushed outwards by stellar winds. As shown by its remarkably beautiful appearance, Hen 2-437 is a bipolar nebula—the material ejected by the dying star has streamed out into space to create the two icy blue lobes pictured here.

Credit: European Space Agency/Hubble & NASA

Acknowledgement: Judy Schmidt (Geckzilla)

Release Date: February 8, 2016

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