Thursday, February 10, 2022

NASA's Artemis I: The European Service Module | The Moon Journey

NASA's Artemis I: The European Service Module | The Moon Journey

Feb. 10, 2022: NASA's Orion spacecraft with the European Service Module will fly farther from Earth than any human-rated vehicle has ever flown before. This video gives an overview of the first mission—without astronauts—for Artemis, focusing on the European Space Agency’s European Service Module that powers the spacecraft.

The spacecraft will perform a flyby of the Moon, using lunar gravity to gain speed and propel itself 70,000 km beyond the Moon, almost half a million km from Earthfurther than any human has ever traveled.

On its return journey, Orion will perform another Moon flyby before heading back to Earth.

The total trip will take around 20 days, ending with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean without the European Service Moduleit separates and burns up harmlessly in the atmosphere.

The second Artemis mission will have a similar flight plan but with astronauts. The third Artemis mission will see astronauts taken to the lunar surface.

The European Service Module is ESA’s contribution to NASA’s Orion spacecraft that will send astronauts to the Moon and beyond. It provides electricity, water, oxygen and nitrogen as well as keeping the spacecraft at the right temperature and on course.

The European Service Module has 33 thrusters, 11 km of electrical wiring, four propellant and two pressure tanks that all work together to supply propulsion and everything needed to keep astronauts alive far from Earththere is no room for error.

Artemis is the first step in the next era of human exploration. Together with commercial and international partners, NASA will establish a sustainable presence on the Moon to prepare for missions to Mars.

Learn more about NASA's Artemis Program:

Credit: European Space Agency (ESA)

Duration: 3 minutes, 58 seconds

Release Date: February 10, 2022

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